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Netitishi Point (ON137)


Netitishi Point (ON137)

Southern James Bay, Ontario

Latitude 51,312°N
Longitude 80,121°O
Altitude 0 - 5m
Superficie 148,90km²

Description du site

This historical IBA was discontinued in 2017 and incorporated into a new, larger site called Pei lay sheesh kow. The text and data describing this historical IBA are retained here for reference.

Netitishi Point is located along the southwestern shore of James Bay, about 35 km east of the town of Moosonee. It is the point of land east of the Moose River, where the south coast of James Bay begins to turn noticeably southward. Associated coastline for about 5 km on either side of the point is also included within the site. To the west of the point, intertidal marshes and shoals extend 2 to 5 km into the bay, while to the east of the point, these marshes narrow to about 1 km in width. These marshes and shoals provide extensive feeding areas for staging waterfowl and shorebirds at low tide. A series of low gravelly beach ridges and supertidal marshes occur along the shoreline, although the extent of these marshes is relatively narrow with shrubby vegetation on the ridges reaching almost to the coast.


Netitishi Point is a major concentration point for waterfowl and shorebirds that are migrating south out of James Bay. Practically all of the birds using the Moose River Estuary and areas farther up the coast funnel by this point on their way to Hannah Bay, or locations farther south. A one-day total of 28,900 Brant was recorded at Netitishi Point during the 1981 fall migration, and over the entire season about 40,000 Brant were recorded. Similarly, a one-day count of 24,100 Brant was recorded in 2012. The 1981 count represented about 35 to 40% of the estimated mid-winter Atlantic coast Brant population during the early 1980s. Recent population estimates indicate that the observed counts represent at least 10% of the North American population passing by Netitishi Point and as much as 7% of the world popultion

In addition to Brant, large numbers of Long-tailed Duck were also recorded at Netitishi Point: as many as 14,800 on a single day, and a season-total of 33,000 (greater than 1% of the estimated North American population). Dunlin also concentrate at this site, with the 1981 study recording a one-day count of 3,000 and a season-total of 8,500 (about 4 % of the estimated central Canadian population). Recent counts in 2011 and 2014 indicate that globally significant concentrations of Hudsonian Godwit also occur at Netitishi Point. Large numbers of other waterfowl were noted in the 1981 survey as well as other subsequent surveys in late fall with peak one-day totals including 750 Mallard, 600 American Black Ducks, 6600 Northern Pintail, and 750 American Wigeon. Loons and other waterbirds also funnel past Netitishi Point, including a one-day count of 555 Red-throated Loons in 2010, greater than 1% of the North American population.

Concentrations of landbirds were also recorded at the point with thousands of songbirds (Horned Lark, Lapland Longspur, Snow Bunting) and several raptor species being observed during migration. For raptors, one-day totals included: 60 Gyrfalcons, 35 Rough-legged Hawks, and 11 Peregrine Falcons (50 over a two-week period).

Enjeux de conservation

As of yet, Netitishi Point has not received any protective status. However, there is little development in the region, and no immediate threat to the site or the wildlife present. The area is used for subsistence hunting and gathering by native people.

Catégories ZICO Habitats Usages Menaces Potencielles ou Existantes Status de Protection
Bernache cravant
Nombre Année Saison
4 6812016Automne
3 5002013Automne
24 1002012Automne
28 900 - 40 0001981Automne
Barge hudsonienne
Nombre Année Saison
1 2002014Automne
Harelde kakawi
Nombre Année Saison
8 0002012Automne
14 800 - 33 0001981Automne
Mouette pygmée
Nombre Année Saison
2 - 32011Automne
Plongeon catmarin
Nombre Année Saison
Faucon pèlerin
Nombre Année Saison
10 - 122014Automne
Oiseaux aquatiques
Nombre Année Saison
40 0001981Automne