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Canavoy and Adjacent Beaches (PE015)

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Canavoy and Adjacent Beaches (PE015)

Morell, Île-du-Prince-Édouard

Latitude 46,443°N
Longitude 62,747°O
Altitude 0 - 5m
Area 36,69km²

Description du site

Canavoy IBA contains a 12-kilometre stretch of coastline along the eastern, north coast of Prince Edward Island from Savage Harbour to St. Peters Bay. Nearby is the small town of Morell. Most of the shoreline is composed of sand flats and sandy barrier beaches that have washover areas on the landward side, although there are also a few areas of cobble. The tidal range is about three metres. The beaches included within the site are Canavoy, Savage Harbour West, St. Peters Harbour, St. Peters Lake Run and Greenwich Point.

Oiseaux

The barrier beaches of the Savage Harbour - St. Peters Bay area provide nesting habitat for the nationally Endangered (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada; COSEWIC) and globally Near Threatened (International Union for Conservation of Nature; IUCN) Piping Plover. During the 2006 International Piping Plover survey, a total of 16 Piping Plovers were observed; 2 at Canavoy, 8 at St. Peters Harbour, 2 at Lake Run, and 4 at Greenwich Point. Together, these beaches supported about 3.5% of the Atlantic Canada population at this time (2006). During the 2011 International Piping Plover survey, a total of 19 Piping Plovers were observed; 4 at Canavoy, 2 at Lakeside, 6 at Lake Run, and 7 at Greenwich Point, which represented about 4.4% of the Atlantic Canada population at this time (2011). In 2012, at total of 13 Piping Plovers were recorded; 4 at Canavoy, 2 at Lakeside, 5 at St. Peters Lake Run, and 2 at Greenwich Point.

Enjeux de conservation

Greenwich Point, at the eastern end of the site, became part of Prince Edward Island National Park in 1997, and is afforded some protection and management through this land tenure. A small portion of the site is also included within the Crowbush Cove Provincial Park, which is mainly a recreational facility.

Human disturbance is one of the main threats affecting the nesting Piping Plovers at these sites. Beaches that contain ideal nesting sites, are also often those that attract beach-goers, boaters, cottagers and dog-walkers. In recent years, levels of disturbance have been reduced through the use of Piping Plover Guardian Program signs that identify the sensitivities of the nesting Piping Plovers. These signs have been in place at Canavoy since 1993 and at St. Peters Lake Run since 1996. Access to Canavoy and St. Peters Harbour is difficult, which also helps to reduce the number of visitors. A large resort development is proposed for the Crowbush area. If the development proceeds, it is hoped that the cooperation and education of resort visitors will help mitigate the expected increase in beach visitation.

IBA Criteria Habitats Land Uses Potential or Ongoing Threats Conservation Status
Pluvier siffleur
Number Year Season
42012Été
62011Automne
52011Été
42011Printemps
4 - 52007Été
5 - 62007Printemps
42006Printemps
4 - 52005Été
42005Printemps
72003Printemps
42002Automne
6 - 162002Été
4 - 62002Printemps
5 - 62001Automne
4 - 122001Été
4 - 82000Automne
6 - 302000Été
4 - 62000Printemps
4 - 161999Été
121998Été
101997Été
111996Été
71994Été
121992Été
151991Été
211988Été
291987Été
281984Été
131983Été
281977Été
141968Été
21967Été
61964Été