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Skunk's Misery Complex (ON010)

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Skunk's Misery Complex (ON010)

Bothwell, Ontario

Latitude 42,650°N
Longitude 81,806°O
Altitude 210 - 213m
Superficie 33,13km²

Description du site

The Skunk's Misery Complex is located in southern Ontario about 40 km northeast of Chatham. It is comprised of a group of relatively large deciduous forests located on the Bothwell sand plain to the west of Bothwell and to the north and south of Newbury. The topography is flat to gently rolling with the surficial deposits being comprised of sands overlying clay. The result is a mixed sandy area with water-soaked soils that are unsuitable for agriculture unless extensive drainage occurs. This is likely the reason why these large forests have not been cleared.

A variety of forest habitats are present in this complex, ranging from pine plantations, to closed canopy swamp forest (Silver Maple / Black Ash / Swamp White Oak) with standing water into July, to recently logged and regenerating upland forest. In addition to supporting significant concentrations of birds, these forests also support many other species of provincial and national significance, including Butlers Garter Snake, and Large Whorled Pogonia.

Oiseaux

The Skunk's Misery Complex supports a significant population of Hooded Warblers (nationally threatened). Within the entire complex, detailed surveys have been completed at only two sites, with a total of 12 15 Hooded Warbler territories being recorded in 1998 (as much as 10% of the estimated Canadian population). Acadian Flycatchers (nationally endangered) are also present with three and four pairs in 1999 and 2000, respectively; at least one pair occurs annually on a long-term basis. Cerulean Warblers (nationally vulnerable) appear to be scattered throughout the complex, especially on the slightly higher sites where White Oak is more noticeable (as many as eight contiguous territories were recorded at one site in 1998). A Red-headed Woodpecker (nationally vulnerable) was also recorded.

In addition to nationally threatened species, the site also supports a rich assemblage of species that are largely restricted to eastern temperate forests (19 of 28 species) or are regionally uncommon. These species include: Broad-winged Hawk (2 pairs), Yellow-throated Vireo (5 + pairs), Black-and-White Warbler (3 + pairs), Mourning Warbler (3 + pairs), Chestnut-sided Warbler (5 + pairs), and Northern Waterthrush (6 + pairs). A cumulative total of 13 species of breeding wood warblers was encountered at this site on 4 visits in 1997 and 4 visits in 1998.

Enjeux de conservation

The large amounts of regional forest cover in the Skunk's Misery Complex are critical to the long-term presence of the significant bird populations that occur at this site. Although this aspect is recognized, conservation efforts are complicated by multiple ownership (both public and private). The Middlesex Stewardship Council and Stewardship Kent have worked on a community-based Conservation Strategy and a Community Stewardship Program. In addition, the County of Middlesex and the Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority have worked on a forest management plan.

Catégories ZICO Habitats Usages Menaces Potencielles ou Existantes Status de Protection
Quiscale rouilleux
Nombre Année Saison
1002015Automne
Moucherolle vert
Nombre Année Saison
1 - 82017Été
1 - 32017Printemps
22016Été
1 - 22016Printemps
1 - 42015Été
12015Printemps
22014Automne
22014Été
12014Printemps
12013Été
1 - 32012Été
12012Printemps
12011Été
1 - 22011Printemps
12010Printemps
12009Été
22005Été
22005Printemps
22005Hiver
22003Été
3 - 42002Été
12002Printemps
4 - 172001Été
22001Printemps
82000Été
11999Automne
4 - 61999Été
1 - 21998Été
1 - 41997Été
Paruline azurée
Nombre Année Saison
131998Été
201995Été
Ictérie polyglotte
Nombre Année Saison
12010Printemps
Paruline orangée
Nombre Année Saison
12015Été
12014Été
12014Printemps
12007Été
12001Été